SỞ GD & ĐT ĐỒNG THÁP
TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN NGUYỄN QUANG DIÊU
ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC NĂM 2012 (lần 2)
Môn: Tiếng Anh
Thời gian làm bài:180 phút;
(Đề gồm 6 trang - 80 câu trắc nghiệm)
(Thí sinh không được sử dụng tài liệu)
Họ, tên thí sinh:........................................
Mã đề thi 135
PART I: Mark the letter A,B, C, or d on your answer sheet to indicate the best answer to each of the following questions.
Question 1: – "Where do you suggest I stay?" – "__________"
A. Let's stay at the New World! B. I recommend the New World.
C. I suggest you to New World. D. I prefer the New World.
Question 2: – "I can't stop worrying about my exam tomorrow." – " __________"
A. That's all right, never mind. B. Why don't you bother?
C. I'm sure you'll do well. D. It is nothing, really.
Question 3: – " It was extremely good of you to give me a hand." – "_________"
A. Don't mention it! B. O.K C. Very pleasures! D. I'm so astonished.
Question 4: – "This movie is boring and violent"
– " I think so. __________"
A. Will we leave B. Mustn't we stay C. Why don't we leave? D. May we stay?
Question 5: – "I didn't get the job! – "_________"
A. Good heavens! B. That's brilliant!
C. Same to you! D. Never mind, better luck next time.
Question 6: Setting off on an expedition without thorough preparation and with inadequate equipment is
tempting fate. "Tempting fate" is ________.
A. taking a risk B. losing heart C. having panic D. going round in circles
Question 7: Peter didn't mean to disrespectful to his teacher. He just couldn't control his temper.
"Disrespectful" means _________.
A. showing lack of trust B. showing nervousness
C. showing impolite behavior D. showing lack of attention
Question 8: ________ who was arrested during the riots was released since it couldn't be proved that they had
done ______ against the law.
A. Somebody ….anywhere B. Everyone ….anything
C. Anyone ….nothing D. Some of ….something
Question 9: Animals ________ to survive in the wild rather than ________ in captivity.
A. are helping ….being kept B. have been helping ….to be kept
C. could be helped …being kept D. should be helped ….kept
Question 10: Bob returned home with the gift which cost him________.
A. one and a half pound B. one pound and half a pound
C. one pound and a half D. one pound and a half of pound
Question 11: Many people believe that football stadiums ________ safer places for families to go if strict
measures ______ to solve the problem of football hooliganism.
A. were to be ….are taken B. would be ….were taken
C. have been …. could be taken D. should be ….will be taken
Question 12: Fructose is a monosaccharide sugar that is much sweeter ________.
A. does cane sugar B. than cane sugar does
C. cane sugar D. than cane sugar
Question 13: Has she told you _______ she is going on holiday herself _______ with her colleagues?
A. why ….when B. when …that C. whether …or D. how long …so
Question 14: I revised my views _______ comments from colleagues.
A. further to B. consequence upon C. in the light of D. against
Question 15: No one really knows who composed this piece of music, but it has been _______ to Bach.
A. identified B. attributed C. associated D. referred
Question 16: We have been told that under no circumstances ____ the telephone in the office for personal affairs.
A. we could use B. we use C. did we use D. may we use
Question 17: Suppose that I _______ on a bitterly cold day, _______ you jump in the water to rescue me?
A. had drown ….could B. am drowning …did
C. were drowning …would D. will be drowning …can
Question 18: After he had researched and _______ his paper, he found some additional material that he ______.
A. wrote ….need to include B. written ….should have included
C. writing …would have included D. written ….needed
Question 19: Will you _______ this essay, please, and see if I have made any mistakes?
A. look through B. look up C. see to D. see through
Question 20: Although the coach had not thought her a good tennis player at first, she _______ to be a champion.
A. came round B. came out C. turned up D. turned out
Question 21: The judge said the thief had shown complete ________ for the law.
A. disregard B. ignorance C. disobedience D. negligence
Question 22: Do you know _______ train is the one ________ comes from York to Leeds?
A. whose …where B. which …that C. what …where D. what … (no word)
Question 23: We need ___________ for our house.
A. four of new aluminum stylish garden chairs B. four new stylish aluminum garden chairs
C. four of aluminum stylish new garden chairs D. stylish aluminum new garden chairs
Question 24: Edward has a ________ in Spanish from Leeds University.
A. certificate B. mark C. degree D. paper
Question 25: ________ her inexperience, her failure to secure the contract was not surprising.
A. By virtue of B. With regard to C. In view of D. In recognition of
Question 26: It is a brave man who ________ for the rights when under unfair treatment from the manager.
A. stands out B. stands forward C. stands by D. stands up
Question 27: It is difficult to say exactly what _______ the present dissatisfaction with the management.
A. brought in B. brought about C. brought out D. brought over
Question 28: This company is in the _______ of modern technological research.
A. forefront B. foretaste C. foreground D. foremost
Question 29: The professor's _______ theory is that singing preceded speech.
A. preferable B. pet C. fond D. fancied
Question 30: My ________ on life has changed a lot since leaving university.
A. outlook B. view C. approach D. purpose
PART II: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to complete each of the half parts
Question 31: Some people like cream and sugar in their coffee _________.
A. while milk is better in coffee, too B. while others drink hot coffee
C. while sugar can cause cavities D. while others like it black
Question 32: Of all the factors affecting agricultural yields, __________.
A. weather is the one that influences farmers most.
B. the weather that influences the farmers most.
C. weather is the one farmers are influenced most.
D. the weather is the one why farmers influence it most.
Question 33: _________ one or more units of living substance called protoplasm.
A. In all living things consisting of B. All living things consist of
C. All living things consisting of D. Although all living things that consist of
Question 34: ________ did you see such a good advertisement?
A. In which issue newspaper B. In which newspaper of which issue
C. In which issue of which newspaper D. What is the issue of which newspaper
Question 35: Returning to my room, __________.
A. my golden watch was missing B. I found my golden watch disappeared
C. I found my golden watch missing D. the golden watch was missed
PART III: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions in the following passage.
THE TRADE IN RHINO HORN
Last year thieves broke into a Scottish castle and stole only one thing: a rhino horn, which at 1.5 metres was the
longest in the world. In China, pharmaceutical factories have been building up (36) ______ of antiques made from rhino horn, for the sole purpose of smashing them to powder to make the (37) ______ ingredient of many of their medicines. And in Africa poachers continue to die in the (38) ______ for the black rhino.
Recently, conservationists have met to (39) ______ a campaign to persuade countries where rhino horn is still a part of the traditional medicine to switch to substitutes. The biggest (40) ______ to the survival of the rhinoceros is the refusal of certain countries to enforce a ban on domestic (41) _______ in rhino horn.
The rhino horn is included in many aids for disorders ranging from fevers to nosebleeds. Horn, like fingernails, is made of keratin and has no proven medicinal (42) _______ . Traditional substitutes, such as horn from buffalo or antelope, are regarded as second best.
The battle is (43) _______ to be winnable. But it may be harder than the battle against the trade in ivory, for there is a (44) _______ between the two commodities: Ivory is a luxury; rhino horn, people believe, could (45) _______ the life of their child.
Question 36: A. bundles
Question 37: A. real
Question 38: A. tight
Question 39: A. design
Question 40: A. threat
Question 41: A. business
Question 42: A. capacity
Question 43: A. thought
Question 44: A. variation
Question 45: A. make
PART IV: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions in the following passage.
The decline of traditional religion in the West has not removed the need for men and women to find a deeper meaning behind existence. Why is the world the way it is and how do we, as conscious individuals, fit into the great scheme?
There is a growing feeling that science, especially what is known as the new physics, can provide answers where religion remains vague and faltering. Many people in search of a meaning to their lives are finding enlightenment in the revolutionary developments at the frontiers of science. Much to the bewilderment of professional scientists, quasi-religious cults are being formed around such unlikely topics as quantum physics, space-time relativity, black holes and the big bang.
How can physics, with its reputation for cold precision and objective materialism, provide such fertile soil for the mystical? The truth is that the spirit of scientific enquiry has undergone a remarkable transformation over the past 50 years. The twin revolutions of the theory of relativity, with its space-warps and time-warps, and the quantum theory, which reveals the shadowy and unsubstantial nature of atoms, have demolished the classical image of a clockwork universe slavishly unfolding along a predetermined pathway. Replacing this sterile mechanism is a world full of shifting indeterminism and subtle interactions which have no counterpart in daily experience.
To study the new physics is to embark on a journey of wonderment and paradox, to glimpse the universe in a novel perspective, in which subject and object, mind and matter, force and field, become intertwined. Even the creation of the universe itself has fallen within the province of scientific enquiry.
The new cosmology provides, for the first time, a consistent picture of how all physical structures, including space and time, came to exist out of nothing. We are moving towards an understanding in which matter, force, order and creation are unified into a single descriptive theme.
Many of us who work in fundamental physics are deeply impressed by the harmony and order which pervades the physical world. To me the laws of the universe, from quarks to quasars, dovetail together so felicitously that the impression there is something behind it all seems overwhelming. The laws of physics are so remarkably clever that they can surely only be a manifestation of genius.
Question 46: The new physics is exciting because it ________
A. proves the existence of a ruling intelligence.
B. incorporates the work of men of genius.
C. makes scientific theorizing easier to understand.
D. offers a comprehensive explanation of the universe.
Question 47: Scientists find the new cults bewildering because they are ________
A. too reactionary. B. based on false evidence.
C. derived from inappropriate sources. D. too subjective.
Question 48: Which phrase in paragraph 3 suggests that the universe is like a machine?
A. slavishly unfolding along a predetermined pathway
B. cold precision and objective materialism
C. the shadowy and unsubstantial nature of atoms
D. shirting indeterminism and subtle interactions.
Question 49: The author of this passage is _______
A. a minister of religion. B. a research scientist. C. a science fiction writer. D. a journalist.
Question 50: The author says people nowadays find that traditional religion is _______
A. a form of reassurance. B. inadequate to their needs.
C. responding to scientific progress. D. developing in strange ways.
PART V: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions in the following passage.
Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to get his languages like other people's. In the same way, as children learn to do all the other things, they learn to do without being taught – to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle – compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes for himself, let alone correct them. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher. Let him do it himself. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not.
If it is a matter of right answer, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can't find the way to get the right answer. Let's end all this nonsense of grades, exams, marks. Let us throw them all out, and let the children learn what all educated people must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know.
Let them get on with this job in the way that seems most sensible to them, with our help as school teachers if they ask for it. The idea that there is a body of knowledge to be learnt at school and used for the rest of one's life is a nonsense in a world as complicated and rapidly changing as ours. Anxious parents and teachers say, "But suppose they fail to learn something essential, something they will need to get on in the world?" Don't worry. If it is essential, they will go out into the world and learn it.
Question 51: The passage suggests that learning to speak and learning to ride a bicycle are ________.
A. not really important skills B. more important than other skills
C. basically different from learning adult skills D. basically the same as learning other skills
Question 52: What does the author think is the best way for children to learn things?
A. By copying what other people do. B. By making mistakes and having them corrected.
C. By asking a great many questions. D. By listening to explanations from skilled people.
Question 53: According to the author, exams, grades, and marks should be abolished because children's progress
should only estimated by _______.
A. educated people B. parents C. teachers D. the children themselves
Question 54: The author fears that children will grow up into adults who are ________.
A. too independent of others B. too critical of themselves
C. unable to think for themselves D. unable to use basic skills
Question 55: What does the author think teachers do which they should not do?
A. They give children correct answers.
B. They point out children's mistakes to them.
C. They allowed children to mark their own work.
D. They encourage children to copy from one another.
PART VI: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions in the following passage.
Cooperation is the common endeavor of two or more people to perform a task or reach a jointly cherished goal. Like competition and conflict, there are different forms of cooperation based on group organization and attitudes.
In the first form, known as primary cooperation, group and individual fuse. The group contains nearly all of each individual's life. The rewards of the group's work are shared with each member. There is an interlocking identity of individual, group, and task performed. Means and goals become one, for cooperation itself is valued.
While primary cooperation is most often characteristic of preliterate societies, secondary cooperation is characteristic of many modern societies. In secondary cooperation, individuals devote only part of their lives to the group. Cooperation itself is not a value. Most members of the group feel loyalty, but the welfare of the group is not the first consideration. Members perform tasks so that they can separately enjoy the fruits of their cooperation in the form of salary, prestige, or power. Business offices and professional athletic teams are example of secondary cooperation.
In the third type, called tertiary cooperation or accommodation. Latent conflict underlies the shared work. The attitudes of the cooperating parties are purely opportunistic, the organization is loose and fragile. Accommodation involves common means to achieve antagonistic goal; it breaks down when the common means cease to aid each party in reaching its goals. This is not, strictly speaking, cooperation at all, and hence the somewhat contradictory term antagonistic cooperation is sometimes used for this relationship.
Question 56: The word cherished in line 1 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. prized B. agreed on C. defined D. set up
Question 57: What is the author's main purpose in the first paragraph of the passage?
A. To explain how cooperation differs from competition and conflict.
B. To show the importance of group organization and attitudes.
C. To offer a brief definition of cooperation.
D. To urge readers to cooperate more often.
Question 58: The word fuse in line 3 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. react B. unite C. evolve D. explore
Question 59: Which of the following statements about primary cooperation is supported by the information in the
A. It was confined to prehistoric times.
B. It is usually the first stage of cooperation achieved by a group of individuals attempting to cooperate.
C. It is an ideal that can never be achieved
D. It is most commonly seen among people who have not yet developed reading and writing skills.
Question 60: According to the passage, why do people join groups that practice secondary cooperation?
A. To experience the satisfaction of cooperation.
B. To get rewards for themselves.
C. To associate with people who have similar backgrounds.
D. To defeat a common enemy.
Question 61: Which of the following is NOT GIVEN as a name for the third type of cooperation?
A. Tertiary cooperation B. Accommodation
C. Latent conflict D. Antagonistic cooperation
Question 62: The word fragile in line 13 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. inefficient B. easily broken C. poorly planned D. involuntary
Question 63: Which of the following best describes the overall organization of the passage?
A. The author describes a concept by analyzing its three forms.
B. The author compares and contrasts two types of human relation.
C. The author presents the points of view of three experts on the same topic.
D. The author provides a number of concrete examples and then draws a conclusion.
Question 64: Which of the following is an example of the third form of cooperation as it is defined in the fourth
A. Students form a study group so that all of them can improve their grades.
B. A new business attempts to take customers away from an established company.
C. Members of a farming community share work and the food that they grow.
D. Two rival political parties temporarily work together to defeat a third party.
Question 65: As used throughout the passage, the term common is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A. ordinary B. shared C. vulgar D. popular
PART VII: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the best rewritten sentence in each of the following questions.
Question 66: For a teacher of her experience and ability, discipline was not a problem.
A. A teacher with good experience and ability doesn't want any discipline.
B. Discipline was not necessary for such a good teacher.
C. For such a capable teacher, discipline was not a problem.
D. Teachers find discipline unimportant though they are experienced and able.
Question 67: Many people were severely critical of the proposals for the new motorway.
A. There was severe criticism of the proposal for the new motorway.
B. The proposal for the new motorway was severely criticized.
C. There was the proposal for the new motorway, but many people were critized.
D. Many people severely criticized the new motorway that was proposed.
Question 68: This country wouldn't have much income without tourism.
A. Tourism is developing very quickly in this country.
B. Tourism development is going up in this country.
C. This country depends on its tourism for making its income.
D. In order to develop, this country invests into tourism.
Question 69: People who haven't been abroad shouldn't criticize foreign customs.
A. For those who have remained in their own country should criticize foreign customs.
B. Foreign customs should be criticized due to the people in their home country.
C. Nobody who has ever travelled abroad should criticize foreign customs.
D. Nobody who has remained in their home country should criticize foreign customs.
Question 70: There was no precedent for the President's resignation in the country.
A. The President resigned in the country, which seemed strange.
B. Never before had any President resigned in the country.
C. That the President resigned becomes a scandal in the country.
D. Never before there was an event that President resigned in the country.
PART VIII: Mark the letter A,B, C, or d on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 71: There exists more than 2,600 different varieties of palm trees with varying flowers, leaves, and fruit.
A B C D
Question 72: Do you know most of the magnesium used in the United States comes from the sea water?
A B C D
Question 73: Don't tell me I'm addicted to smoke if I only have three cigarettes a day!
A B C D
Question 74: Most sand dunes always are in motion as wind pushes sand upwards one side of each dune, over the
top, and down the other side.
Question 75: When babies are around fifteen months old, they can pick up objects and put themselves into small
A B C D
PART IX: Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 76: A. crescendo B. attorney C. mediocre D. accumulate
Question 77: A. sanctuary B. sangfroid C. sanitary D. sanguine
Question 78: A. propaganda B. comprehend C. analysis D. presidential
PART X: Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined word that is differently from the rest in each of the following questions.
Question 79: A. handsome B. handkerchief C. Wednesday D. band
Question 80: A. toe B. canoe C. goes D. potatoes